JAAPA CME Post-Test February 2019

Cervical Spine Clearance in Adult Trauma Patients
Up to 4% of adults with blunt trauma suffer cervical spine injury. Clinicians who evaluate trauma patients can use validated clinical decision tools to assess whether patients are at risk for these injuries. Beyond these tools, imaging (most often CT) remains the mainstay of evaluation. Further challenges exist when patients have persistent pain or cannot be evaluated clinically. This activity outlines the evidence available to assist clinicians in evaluating adults for significant cervical spine injury after blunt trauma.

Recognizing, Diagnosing, and Treating Pediatric Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), characterized by excessive worry or apprehension, can lead to significant distress or impairment in patients’ social or occupational function but commonly is overlooked by primary care providers. GAD and other anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health disorders affecting children. Without treatment, children with GAD are at higher risk for academic underperformance, substance abuse, other mental health disorders, and poor outcomes in adulthood. This activity addresses screening and assessment for Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in children and pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic recommendations for management.

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