PEDIATRIC: Pain Evaluation During Infancy Thru Adolescence: Treatment Impact and Considerations

The Opioid Analgesic REMS is designed to ensure that the benefits of opioid analgesics outweigh the risks. The goal of this module is to address this need by providing education to the healthcare team on the treatment and monitoring of patients who are experiencing pain and who are younger than 18 years old. Through education, the healthcare team will have an improved understanding of how to manage their pain and the role of opioid analgesics along with non-pharmacologic and non-opioid analgesics in pain management for pediatric patients. This module also provides information about the risks of opioids and use of other therapies, which is intended to assist HCPs in reducing adverse outcomes of addiction/substance use disorder, unintentional overdose, and death resulting from inappropriate prescribing and misuse of opioid analgesics.

Learning Objectives


At the conclusion of this activity, participants should be able to:

  • Explain fundamental concepts of pain management, including definitions and mechanisms of pain
  • Assess patients with pain and identify potential risk factors for abuse and addiction
  • Describe the range of therapeutic options for managing pain, including non-pharmacologic approaches and pharmacologic (non-opioid and opioid analgesics) therapies
  • Integrate opioid analgesics into a pain treatment plan, individualized to meet the needs of the patient
  • Discuss safe and effective manage patients on opioid analgesics in the acute and chronic pain settings, including initiating therapy, titrating, and discontinuing use of opioid analgesics, if appropriate and necessary
  • Counsel patients and caregivers on the safe use of opioid analgesics, including proper storage and disposal
  • Counsel patients and caregivers about the use of naloxone for opioid overdose
  • Refer patients to a pain specialist, as appropriate
  • Describe the fundamental elements of addiction medicine
  • Identify and manage patients with opioid use disorder
  • Discuss the current information about safe opioid practices and current federal and state regulations, national guidelines, and professional organization and medical specialty guidelines on treating pain and prescribing opioids
  • Explain the use of naloxone and the importance of its availability for use by patients and caregivers in the community and home

Acknowledgement of Commercial Support

This activity is supported by an independent educational grant from the Opioid Analgesic REMS Program Companies. This activity is intended to be fully compliant with the Opioid Analgesic REMS education requirements issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).