JAAPA CME Post-Test October 2021

Diagnosis and Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Adolescents
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), characterized by ovulatory dysfunction and hyperandrogenism, is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. Early diagnosis can help clinicians address associated long-term metabolic and reproductive health complications and mitigate the negative effects of PCOS on a patient’s mental health and quality of life. Clinicians often are challenged by the diagnosis and management of PCOS because of controversies around diagnostic criteria, especially for adolescents. The International Consortium of Paediatric Endocrinology 2017 Consensus Statement provides practical guidance for clinicians to implement best practices for the identification, diagnosis, and management of PCOS in adolescents.

Screening for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited cardiomyopathy and causes changes in the cardiac muscle affecting ventricular, valvular, and cellular functions. Because HCM is an inherited disorder, all age groups are affected; however, it commonly presents in adolescents, especially athletes. Many patients are asymptomatic and undiagnosed, putting them at risk for sudden cardiac death. This activity describes screening and management of patients with HCM.

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