JAAPA CME Post-Test June 2021

Recognizing and Treating Endometriosis
Endometriosis, defined as endometrium-like tissue located outside the uterine cavity, is a chronic and frequently painful disease that affects about 10% of reproductive-aged women worldwide. The ectopic endometrial tissue, which is still hormonally responsive, generates a chronic inflammatory state resulting in an array of sometimes debilitating symptoms as well as subfertility. Despite its prevalence and significant effect on a woman’s health and quality of life, receiving a diagnosis of endometriosis often takes years. This activity reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and treatment options for managing endometriosis in women who do not desire pregnancy and in those who do, and includes information on the newest treatment option, the oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist elagolix.

Narcolepsy: A Clinical Review
Narcolepsy continues to be a significantly underdiagnosed/misdiagnosed condition worldwide. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an estimated 135,000 to 200,000 patients in the United States are living with narcolepsy. However, due to the number of patients who either do not seek medical advice for their symptoms or receive an incorrect initial diagnosis at onset, this number may be higher. This activity reviews the different subtypes of narcolepsy along with the pathophysiology, screening guidelines, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of the disorder. Educational awareness from a healthcare and patient standpoint can enhance early detection and accurate diagnosis of narcolepsy and improve patient quality of life.

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