JAAPA CME Post-Test December 2020
A Review of Inherited Cancer Susceptibility Syndromes
Inherited cancer syndromes are caused by genetic mutations that place patients at an increased risk for developing cancer. Although most cancers are not caused by genetic inheritance, clinicians must understand these syndromes and be able to recognize their common characteristics. A thorough family history and identification of common patterns as well as specific clinical signs and symptoms can help with early recognition. This activity describes symptoms of the more common cancer syndromes, including hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, Li-Fraumeni, Lynch, familial adenomatous polyposis, retinoblastoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia, and von Hippel-Lindau. Important patient education regarding genetic testing also is covered.
An Overview of Cleft Lip and Palate
Cleft lip and palate are types of craniofacial birth defects that affect thousands of children worldwide each year. These conditions are sensitive topics of conversations, often affected by the stigma of physical birth deformities and cultural myths. This activity reviews the pathophysiology of cleft lip and palate, and describes the traditional management of patients with oral-facial clefts, including the extensive supportive care and an interprofessional team or cleft team approach that extends beyond the surgical correction.
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