JAAPA CME Post-Test January 2018
A Systems-based Approach to Patient Care after Liver Transplantation | Plantar Fasciitis: A Review of Treatments
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A Systems-based Approach to Patient Care after Liver Transplantation

Mark Gillespie, MPAS, PA-C; Denise Rizzolo, PA-C, PhD

Liver transplantation is a cure to many devastating acute and end-stage liver diseases. In the immediate postoperative period, patients are prone to graft, end-organ, and immunosuppressive complications. This activity reviews the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of acute postoperative liver transplant complications.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Describe the major complications that could occur after liver transplantation.
  • List the risks and benefits to using immunosuppressive agents in post-transplant recipients.

Plantar Fasciitis: A Review of Treatments

Lindsey Luffy, MSPAS, PA-C; John Grosel, MD; Randall Thomas, DPM; Eric So, DPM

Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain in the United States. Many treatments are available and differ in efficacy and cost. This activity discusses the theorized causes for plantar fasciitis and various treatments.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Identify the pathological findings of plantar fasciitis on imaging studies.
  • Describe the typical presentation of a patient with plantar fasciitis.
  • List the commonly used treatments to manage symptoms of plantar fasciitis and compare these to methods aimed at healing the injured fascia.

Accreditation Statement


This activity has been reviewed and is approved for a maximum of 1.0 AAPA Category 1 CME credit by the AAPA Review Panel. Participants should only claim credit commensurate with their participation in the CME activity. This program was planned in accordance with AAPA’s CME Standards. 

Disclosure Policy Statement

It is the policy of AAPA to require the disclosure of the existence of any significant financial interest or any other relationship a faculty member has with the commercial interest of any commercial product discussed in an educational presentation. The participating faculty reported the following:

Mark Gillespie practices at New York University’s Langone Medical Center in New York City. Denise Rizzolo is an assistant clinical professor of the Pace Completion Program in the Department of PA Studies in New York City and an associate professor in the School of Nursing at Kean University in Union, N.J. She also is an assessment specialist at the Physician Assistant Education Association. Lindsey Luffy is a recent graduate of the PA program at Marietta (Ohio) College and a critical care PA fellow at Riverside Methodist Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. John Grosel is an associate professor and academic coordinator of the PA program at Marietta College and practices at Riverside Radiology and Interventional Associates, Inc., in Columbus, Ohio. Randall Thomas is assistant director of the foot and ankle surgery residency program at Clintonville Dublin Foot & Ankle Group at Grant Medical Center in Columbus Ohio. Eric So is a resident at Grant Medical Center.The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

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Type:     Journal-based CME
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