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JAAPA CME Post-Test February 2017
A fresh look at memory loss: Reexamining frontotemporal dementia. Otosclerosis: An update on diagnosis and treatment.
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A Fresh Look at Memory Loss: Reexamining Frontotemporal Dementia

Stephanie Zale, PA-C; Lisa Dickerson, MD

Frontotemporal dementia is a neurodegenerative disease affecting cognition and behavior in multiple devastating ways. This activity highlights diagnostic features helpful in differentiating frontotemporal dementia from other dementias, most commonly Alzheimer disease.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Discuss the pathology and epidemiology of frontotemporal dementia and the clinical presentation of its variants.
  • Explain the differences between the four common types of dementia.
  • Discuss ways to confirm the diagnosis of dementia and to help patients and families manage the disease.

Otosclerosis: An Update on Diagnosis and Treatment

Lora Batson, MPAS, PA-C; Denise Rizzolo, PA-C, PhD

Otosclerosis is a complex and progressive disease of pathological bone remodeling that affects the otic capsule of the temporal bone, resulting in hearing loss. Although traditional diagnostic methods are still used, improvements in technology and research have paved the way for additional diagnostic techniques and advancements. The traditional treatment of otosclerosis, stapes surgery, is now being augmented or replaced by innovations in hearing aid technology and cochlear implants. Earlier diagnosis of otosclerosis can occur through understanding of the cause, risk factors, and current diagnostic testing.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the basic histopathology, phases, causes, and risk factors of otosclerosis.
  • Discuss the relevant history, physical examination, and diagnostic findings consistent with otosclerosis.
  • Suggest appropriate management options, including the use of assistive devices, for patients with otosclerosis.

Accreditation Statement


This activity has been reviewed and is approved for a maximum of 1.0 AAPA Category 1 CME credit by the AAPA Review Panel. Participants should only claim credit commensurate with their participation in the CME activity. This program was planned in accordance with AAPA’s CME Standards. 

Disclosure Policy Statement

It is the policy of AAPA to require the disclosure of the existence of any significant financial interest or any other relationship a faculty member has with the commercial interest of any commercial product discussed in an educational presentation. The participating faculty reported the following:

Stephanie Zale is a graduate of the PA program at Mercer University in Atlanta, Ga. Lisa Dickerson is a clinical assistant professor in the PA program at Mercer University. Lora Batson is a research assistant in the rheumatology department at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, Mass. Denise Rizzolo is a research coordinator in the PA program at Kean University in Union, N.J., and a faculty member at the Pace Completion Program in New York City, N.Y. The authors has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

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Type:     Journal-based CME
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