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JAAPA CME Post-Test January 2017
HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma | Assessing Acquired Rhabdomyolysis in Adults
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HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Timothy J. Smith, PA-C, MS; Anthony Mendez, PA-C; Carrlene Donald, PA-C; Thomas Harold Nagel, MD

Human papillomavirus (HPV) can infect the tonsillar tissues of the oropharynx and is associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. This activity provides an overview to guide primary care providers in screening patients for oropharyngeal cancer and making appropriate referrals. The activity also reviews available HPV vaccines and immunization adherence rates.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Discuss HPV and its mechanistic association with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, as well as epidemiology and risk factors.
  • Explain the steps involved in screening patients for oropharyngeal cancer and making appropriate referrals.
  • Discuss available HPV vaccines and immunization compliance rates.

Assessing Acquired Rhabdomyolysis in Adults

Danielle Kruger, PA-C, MS Ed; Joseph Han

The presentation of patients with rhabdomyolysis is variable and can range in severity from asymptomatic serum elevations of creatine kinase to life-threatening electrolyte disturbances and acute kidney injury. Clinicians must have a high suspicion for rhabdomyolysis and be familiar with the risk factors for developing this condition. This activity focuses on prompt recognition and evidence-based approaches to diagnose and treat rhabdomyolysis.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the pathophysiology and causes of acquired rhabdomyolysis.
  • Describe the clinical manifestations of rhabdomyolysis and its complications as well as relevant concepts relating to the assessment of this disease.
  • Discuss management options for patients with acquired rhabdomyolysis.

Accreditation Statement


This activity has been reviewed and is approved for a maximum of 1.0 AAPA Category 1 CME credit by the AAPA Review Panel. Participants should only claim credit commensurate with their participation in the CME activity. This program was planned in accordance with AAPA’s CME Standards. 

Disclosure Policy Statement

It is the policy of AAPA to require the disclosure of the existence of any significant financial interest or any other relationship a faculty member has with the commercial interest of any commercial product discussed in an educational presentation. The participating faculty reported the following:

Timothy J. Smith recently completed a PA fellowship in otolaryngology at the Mayo Clinic in Phoenix, Ariz. Anthony Mendez is an instructor in the Department of Otolaryngology and Head/Neck Surgery at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine in Phoenix and director of the PA fellowship in otolaryngology. Carrlene Donald practices in the Department of Otolaryngology and Head/Neck Surgery at the Mayo Clinic. Thomas Harold Nagel is an assistant professor in the Department of Otolaryngology and Head/Neck Surgery at the Mayo Clinic. Danielle Kruger is academic coordinator and an associate professor in the PA program at St. John’s University in Queens, N.Y.; director of PA development at Coney Island Hospital in Brooklyn, N.Y.; and practices in the ED at Coney Island Hospital. Joseph Han is a student in the PA program at St. John’s University.The authors has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

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Type:     Journal-based CME
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