JAAPA CME Post-Test December 2016
Current Recommendations for Treating Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease | Osteosarcoma: Accurately Diagnosing this Bone-Chilling Disease
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Current Recommendations for Treating Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

Becky Ness, PA-C; Kathryn Stovall, PA-C

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common inherited kidney disease in the United States, causing hypertension, cerebral aneurysms, nephrolithiasis, and kidney failure. This activity reviews the pathogenesis, diagnosis, associated complications, and current treatment recommendations for the condition.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the pathophysiology of ADPKD as well as its common complications.
  • Describe the clinical presentation, diagnostic testing, and management of ADPKD.

Osteosarcoma: Accurately Diagnosing this Bone-Chilling Disease

Chelsea Hiller, MPAP, PA-C; Jennifer L. Wegler, MMSc, PA-C; Christopher P. Forest, MSHS, DFAAPA, PA-C

Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone malignancy in children and adolescents. Because the incidence of osteosarcoma is low and the disease occurs in physically active patients, it may be misdiagnosed as a more benign condition, thus leading to late diagnosis. This activity describes the disease’s most frequent presenting complaints and initial radiographic findings, as well as its risk factors and common misdiagnoses. Clinicians should consider osteosarcoma in young patients with persistent bone pain, especially pain with weight-bearing.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Explain the incidence and pathogenesis of osteosarcoma, as well as its clinical presentation.
  • Describe methods of correctly diagnosing osteosarcoma and managing the disease.

Accreditation Statement


This activity has been reviewed and is approved for a maximum of 1.0 AAPA Category 1 CME credit by the AAPA Review Panel. Participants should only claim credit commensurate with their participation in the CME activity. This program was planned in accordance with AAPA’s CME Standards. 

Disclosure Policy Statement

It is the policy of AAPA to require the disclosure of the existence of any significant financial interest or any other relationship a faculty member has with the commercial interest of any commercial product discussed in an educational presentation. The participating faculty reported the following:

Becky Ness practices nephrology at the Mayo Clinic Health System in Mankato, Minn. Kathryn Stovall practices at Durham (N.C.) Nephrology. Acknowledgment: The authors would like to thank Beverly Kimball, PA-C, for her assistance with this manuscript. Chelsea Hiller practices family medicine at the Scripps Clinic in San Diego, Calif. Jennifer L. Wegler is a clinical instructor of family medicine in the PA program at the University of Southern California in Alhambra, Calif., and practices orthopedics at Kaiser-Permanente in Baldwin Park, Calif. Christopher P. Forest is an assistant professor of clinical family medicine and director of research at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine and practices urgent care and family medicine in Los Angeles, Calif. The authors has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

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Type:     Journal-based CME
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